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By John Osborne NCGM, FSG
From a Gunnery Notebook c1627
A Table of Proportion for the weight and shooting of great Ordnance



Names of the

great Peeces

Height

of the Peeces

Inches

Weight of the Peeces

Pound

Weight of the Shot

Pound

Weight of the Powd.

Pound

Breadth of the ladle

Inches

Length of the ladle

Inches

2400li of powder makes of shot in a

Peece

Shot point blank in

Paces

Shot random in

Paces

These Peeces be most

1

Canon Royall

8 ½

8000

66

30

13 ¼

24 ½

80

16

1930

serviceable for battery,

2

Canon

8

6000

60

27

12

24

85

17

2000

being within 80 paces

3

Canon Serpentine

7 ½

5500

53 1/3

25

10 ½

23 ¾

96

20

2000

to their mark, which

4

Baftard Canon

7

4500

41 ¼

20

10

23 ¼

133

17

1700

is the chief of their

5

Demy Canon

6 ½

4000

30 ¼

18

9 1/3

23 ½

133

17

1700

forces.

6

Canon Petro

6

3000

24 ¼

14

9

23

171

16

1600

These Peeces be good

 

7

Culvering

 

5 ½

 

4500

 

17 1/3

 

12

 

8 ½

 

22 1/3

 

200

 

20

 

2500

also serviceable to be

8

Bafilifco

5

4000

15 ¼

10

7 ½

22

240

25

3000

mixt with the above

9

Demy Culvering

4 ½

3400

9 1/3

8

6 ½

21

300

20

2500

Ordnance for battery to

10

Baftard Culvering

4

3000

7

6 ¼

6

20

388

18

1800

Peeces being crost with

11

Sacre

3 ½

1400

5 1/3

5 1/3

5 ½

18

490

17

1700

the rest, as also fit for

12

Minion

3 ¼

1000

4

4

4 ½

17

600

16

1600

Castles, Forts & walls to

13

Faulcon

2 ½

660

2 ¼

2 ¼

4 ¼

15

1087

15

1500

be planted, & for defence.

14

Faulcon

2 ½

800

3

3

4 ¼

15

800

15

1500

These Peeces are good and

 

15

Faulconet

 

2

 

500

 

1 ¼

 

1 ¼

 

3 ¼

 

11 ¼

 

1950

 

4

 

1400

Serviceable for the field,

16

Sarpentine

1 ½

400

½

1/3

2 ½

10

7200

13

1300

and most ready for defence

17

Rabonet

1

300

½

½

1 ½

6

4800

12

1000

From a Gunnery Notebook c1692
The Seamans Grammar
A Table wherein is described the Names of all sorts of Ordance, from the Cannon to the Base;
Also the Lengths, Breadths, Weights, Diameters, & c. of Powder, Shot, Ladle, & c. belonging to each Peece.

 

The Names of the several peeces of ordanance now in use.

Diameter at the bore

Weight

Long

The Load

Shots Diameter

Weight
of Shot

Length
of Ladle

Breadth
of Ladle


Incl 100 parts

Pound

Fe 100 parts

Pound 100 parts

Inch 100 parts

Pound 100 parts

Inch 100 parts

Inch 100 parts

Cannon

8.00

8000

12.00

32.50

7.50

58.00

24.00

14.75

Demi Canon, Extraord.

6.75

6000

12.00

18.00

6.62

36.00

22.75

12.00

Demi Cannon, Ordinary

6.50

5600

10.00
11.00

17.50

6.16

32.00

22.00

12.00

Culvering, Ordinary

5.50

4800

10.00
12.00
13.00

12.50

5.25

20.00

16.00

10.00

Culvering, Ordinary

5.25

4500

12.00

11.37

5.00

17.31

15.00

9.50

Culvering of the leaft size

5.00

4000

12.00

10.00

4.75

14.90

14.25

9.00

Demi Culvering, Extraord.

4.75

3000

10.00
11.00
12.00

8.50

4.50

12.69

13.50

8.50

Demi Culvering of the lesser size

4.25

2000

9.00
10.00

6.25

4.00

9.00

12.00

8.00

Saker, Extraord.

4.00

1800

9.00
10.00

5.00

3.75

7.31

11.00

7.25

Saker, Ordinary

3.75

1500

9.00

4.00

3.50

6.00

10.50

6.75

Saker of the Least size

3.50

1400

8.00

2.27

3.25

4.75

9.75

6.50

Minnion, Large

3.25

1000

8.00

3.25

3.00

3.75

9.00

5.00

Minnion, Ordinary

3.00

750

7.00

2.50

2.92

3.25

8.50

5.00

Faucon

2.75

750

7.00

2.25

2.58

2.50

8.25

4.50

Fauconet

2.25

400

6.00

1.25

2.01

1.31

7.50

4.00

Rabonet

1.50

200

5.50

0.75

1.28

0.50

4.25

2.50

Base

1.25

200

4.50

0.50

1.12

0.50

4.00

2.00

Delination of guns c1750’s from a gunnery note book
Researched by John Osborne

Table of the British Establishment of the weights of Shot; and of the lengths of Cannon and their chief parts;
with their reduction to calibres of the Shot.

Weight of the Shot, in pounds

Calibre of the Shot; in inches

Length of the Gun, in inches

Length of the Gun, in calibres

Length of the 1ft reinforce in calibres

Length of the 2d. reinforce in calibres

Length of the Chace in calibres

Length from the breech to the cent. Of Trun.

4 lb

3,0526

72 inch

23,587

6,739

4,369

12,478

10,108

6 lb

3,4944

84 inch

24,039

6,868

4,434

12,736

10,302

9 lb

4,0000

84 inch

21,000

6,000

4,000

11,000

9,000

12 lb

4,4026

108 inch

24,531

7,009

4,504

13,018

10,513

18 lb

5,0397

108 inch

21,430

6,123

4,061

11,246

9,184

24 lb

5,5469

108 inch

19,470

5,563

3,781

10,126

8,343

32 lb

6,1051

114 inch

18,673

5,335

3,668

9,670

8,002

42 lb

6,6844

120 inch

17,953

5,129

3,565

9,259

7,693

 

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